‘Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material. which may include social,economic,and political elements. Absolute poverty refers to the complete lack of the  means necessary to meet basic personal needs such as food,clothing and shelter. Poverty reduction is still a major issue (or a target) for many international organization such as the United Nations and World Bank. The world’s Bank’s “Voice of the Poor,” based on research with over 20,000 poor people in 23 countries, identifies a range of factors which poor people identify as part of poverty. These include :-

• Abuse by those in power

• Dis-empowering institutions 15

• Excluded locations

• Gender relationships

• Lack of security

• Limited capabilities

• Physical limitations

• Problems in social relationship

• Weak community organizations

• Discrimination

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