Child labour has existed to varying extents, through most of history.Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful. Numerous children aged 5–14 mainly worked agriculture, home-based assembly operations, factories, mining. Poverty and lack of schools are considered as the primary cause of child labour. A variety of Indian social scientists as well as the Non- Governmental Organization (NGOs) have done extensive research on the numeric figures of child labour found in India and determined that India contributes to one-third of Asia’s child labour and one-fourth of the world’s child labour. Due to a large number of children being illegally employed, the Indian government began to take extensive actions to reduce the number of children working, and to focus on the importance of facilitating the proper growth and development of children.