Pulwama Attack

Attack

Personnel killed[1][17][18][19][20]
State Number
Uttar Pradesh 12
Rajasthan 5
Punjab 4
Odisha 2
Uttarkhand 2
Bihar 2
Maharashtra 2
West Bengal 2
Tamil Nadu 2
Assam 1
Karnataka 1
Jammu and Kashmir 1
Himachal Pradesh 1
Kerala 1
Jharkhand 1
Madhya Pradesh 1
Total 40

On 14 February 2019, a convoy of 78 vehicles transporting more than 2,500 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)[a] personnel from Jammu to Srinagar was travelling on National Highway 44. The convoy had left Jammu around 03:30 IST and was carrying a large number of personnel due to the highway having been shut down for two days prior. The convoy was scheduled to reach its destination before sunset.[2]

At Lethpora near Awantipora, around 15:15 IST,[22] a bus carrying security personnel was rammed by a car carrying explosives. It caused a blast which killed 40 CRPF personnel of the 76th Battalion and injured many others. The injured were moved to the army base hospital in Srinagar.[1]

Pakistan-based militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed claimed responsibility for the attack. They also released a video of the assailant Adil Ahmad Dar, a 22-year old from Kakapora who had joined the group a year earlier.[23][2][24] Dar’s family had last seen him in March 2018, when he left his house on a bicycle one day and never returned.[25] Pakistan denied any involvement, though Jaish-e-Mohammed’s leader, Masood Azhar, is known to operate in the country.[26][27]

It is the deadliest terror attack on India’s state security personnel in Kashmir since 1989.[22]

Perpetrator

The perpetrator was identified as Adil Ahmad Dar (alias Adil Ahmad Gaadi Takranewala or Waqas Commando), a 22-year old from Kakapora.[23]According to Dar’s parents, Dar became radicalized after he was beated by Indian police.[28][29] Between September 2016 and March 2018, Adil Dar was reported arrested six times by Indian authorities.[30][31] However, each time he was released without any charges.[30]

Investigation

The National Investigation Agency dispatched a 12-member team to probe the attack, working with the Jammu and Kashmir Police.[1][2]

Initial investigations suggested the car was carrying more than 300 kilograms (660 lb) of explosives,[2] including 80 kilograms (180 lb) of RDX, a high explosive,[32] and ammonium nitrate.[33] Lt Gen Hooda said that the explosives might have been stolen from a construction site. He initially said that it was not possible that they were smuggled from across the border, but later said that he could not rule it out.

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